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Allergy Immunology

Allergy Treatment with Antihistamines and Decongestants

Allergy treatment with antihistamines and decongestants are common ways to control the symptoms of this problem. At best, allergies can be annoying and reduce the quality of life of the person suffering the allergic reaction. At worst, allergies can be life-threatening. For common, seasonal allergies, many people use antihistamines and decongestants to get through the allergy season but they may not know very much about the medication they are consuming.

Of course, the best way to control allergy symptoms is to avoid contact with the offending allergen. This may not always be possible especially if your seasonal allergy symptoms are triggered by blooming plants. It is difficult to avoid going outdoor entirely during allergy season which can span the spring, summer and well into fall, depending on what allergens trigger your symptoms.

Antihistamines are effective treatment for allergy symptoms. They can be obtained over the counter or as prescription medication. Unfortunately, almost all over the counter antihistamines have a sedating effect but many of the prescription antihistamines do not have a sedating side effect. These medications work by countering the reaction by blocking histamine in the body. They work best if taken before the encounter with the offending allergen. For example, if you are allergic to blooming flowers and must attend a wedding, you should take an antihistamine before attending the event rather than after. This can prevent many of the symptoms from appearing.

Allergy symptoms can cause the lining of the nose, sinuses, lungs and even the ears to swell and become stuffy. This can be quite a miserable feeling for the allergy sufferer and the nasal drainage can be even more annoying. The use of decongestants can relieve some of this stuffiness and make it easier for the person with allergies to breathe freely. Decongestants can be taken only when symptoms are present and can be taken with antihistamines. Some decongestants tend to have a stimulating effect and can raise blood pressure. People who have high blood pressure already must be careful when taking these medications.

Allergy treatment with antihistamines and decongestants can be quite effective, however, these medication have the potential to interact with other medications taken for other medical problems. If you take other prescription medication, you should always consult your doctor before taking any over the counter antihistamine or decongestant medications. If you have other health problems, you should also talk to your doctor to be sure what allergy medications are safe for you. We keep updating allergy immunology blog, please come back to allergy immunology